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Hello! Hello! Hello! Here is part 2 of "Steve in Vancouver". There is a lot of vocabulary to help you improve your speaking in English and I have also included making wishes which is a tricky thing to both learn and teach in English
Making wishes can be tricky in English and the main challenge is what verbs you are using and if you are making the wishes in the present or about the past. In my lesson we cover some examples for making wishes in the present. So let's look at some examples of "stative" or "non-action" verbs: I wish I had more time, I wish I knew more English and I wish I were taller. All of the previous examples use verbs which are not actions and when you make a wish, you need to put them into the simple past according to the correct conjugation of the subject pronoun. So, I wish I had time, she wishes she had time etc. There is one verb which I am sure you are wondering about which is "be". Why did I say, "I wish I were" and not "I wish I was"? Simple put, we need to use "were" with all of the subject pronouns and yes that includes "I, she/he/it". Why? This is the conditional structure we have to follow when using wishes with "be".
You'll hear "I wish I was" or "I wish he/she/it was" in colloquial English. It is a common mistake among native English speakers, however, you need to know that this would be considered a mistake in speaking for writing or formal speaking. So be careful with how you particularly use the verb "be" when making wishes.
There has always been a lot of talk among English teachers about this subject too. If you say, "I wouldn't do that if I was you" it sounds colloquial. Why? Well with if sentences, when the situation is impossible, you need to use "were" as in "I wouldn't do that if I WERE you". You would be able to use "was" in conditional sentences where there is a real possibility. For example, "if I was less busy, I would visit you more". In this last sentence, you can use "was" since the situation is possible. At the end of the day, if you can't be bothered to figure out if the situation is possible or impossible, just use "were" for all subject pronouns in if sentences and you should be fine
As I said previously, when you make wishes for yourself or other people using action verbs you can use "could + verb". So "I wish that I could fly" or "I wish that you could fly". Please note that "that" is optional. In my second example I used, "I wish you would stop". We can only use "would" when making wishes about something in the moment you wished would actually happen. I find many students using would the wrong way, for example: "I wish I would fly". This is wrong since "would" is only used for making wishes about other people and things you wish about them. Wishes using "would" are very real and tangible. So you could say, "I wish you would stop making so much noise" or "I wish you would call me more". That's more of a polite request to ask the person to call you, but maybe they just can't be bothered to. If you said, "I wish you could call me more", the meaning changes to your wishing the person had the ability. Maybe they're too busy or have some other circumstance beyond their control.
I have included a lot of descriptive vocabulary in my lesson as I walked through the forest here in Vancouver. I also included some phrasal verbs detailing how I was looking at things which are used a lot by native speakers
Well everyone enjoy the video and I invite you to try the quiz which covers everything I taught in "Steve in Vancouver" part 1 and 2
Bye for now!