Join Steve on Facebook!
Hello Everyone! I hope you enjoy our new lesson with two great questions from Silvia and Mateus!
Everybody who has ever studied English before most definitely studied how to agree with what someone has said by using “either, neither and so”. What I’ve noticed is that a lot of advanced speakers of English find it hard to locate the “auxiliary” verb or modal to construct the sentence. Sound complicated? Let’s take a look:
So the dog in the picture above is saying, “I am looking forward to my next run”. What many English learners will use in their reply is, “so do I”. This of course is incorrect. You need to do a few things to find the auxiliary verb: 1. Take the sentence “I am looking forward to my next run” and change it into a question 2. Am I looking forward to my next run? 3. Now you have found the auxiliary “am” 4. Say “So am I”
What about if the sentence that is said initially is negative? This is the case in the picture above where the dog is saying to his cat friend, “I can’t wait to get some exercise”. In the negative form it’s easier for us to see that the auxiliary is “can’t”. So to agree one could say, “neither can I” or “I can’t either”. There are other higher level uses of “either/either” which I did not mention in this lesson. “Either/neither” can also be used in pairs with other words which grammarians call “co-relative conjunctions” i.e. either..or, neither..nor. These are something particular to English since many other languages simply repeat the same word. In English this would be wrong to say. For example: Or I’ll go to the mall or I’ll stay at home(incorrect). We should say: either I’ll go to the mall or I’ll stay at home. So pay attention to either…..or and neither….nor.